What Is Cryptocurrency Market Cap? Why Is It Important?

By November 23, 2020December 2nd, 2020No Comments
What is cryptocurrency market cap and why is it important - WazirX

Market cap refers to the overall valuation of cryptocurrency in terms of the supply of coins. Cryptocurrencies are ranked in terms of their market cap, and this measure can also be seen amongst stocks and financial assets. Market cap is more meaningful than the price, as it holds vital information allowing both traders and investors to gain proper insight into the asset’s value. 

Meaning Of Market Cap

Market cap or market capitalization is the product of the circulating supply of a cryptocurrency and its current price. It is an important metric in the world of cryptocurrency which is used in ranking these digital assets as per their relative sizes. 

  • Market Cap = Circulating Supply x Current Currency Price

Bitcoin’s Market Cap

Bitcoin ranks highest in the world of cryptocurrency in terms of its market cap, which has hit the $280 billion mark recently, following its price surge to $15000. Its current market value exceeds $112 billion, whereas Ethereum stands second with a market cap of $20 billion. Bitcoin’s current market cap exceeds some of the big-shot companies of the United States. It recently overtook major publicly-listed companies like PayPal, Verizon, Salesforce, Adobe, Netflix, Disney, Bank of America, and Coca-Cola. 

However, it still has a long way to go before catching up on JPMorgan Chase, Mastercard, and Visa. Bitcoin has to attain a price of $23000 for reaching the market cap of $426 and surpassing these above-mentioned corporates. As per Torso Investments’ portfolio manager, Dan Weiskopf – any Bitcoin investment between $10 billion – $20 billion would be more profitable than Apple’s plan of stock buybacks. Often investors draw comparisons between Bitcoin and gold. Such comparisons have received greater impetus in the modern times of economic uncertainty. Bitcoin has to attain the price level of $38000 per BTC for surpassing the market cap of the yellow metal, which stands at around $8 to $9 trillion. 

Comparison Between Price & Market Cap For Calculating Value

Price is uni-dimensional and offers information on the trading value of each coin. However, it doesn’t reflect the true value or scarcity of an asset. Whether a commodity or service is available or not determines its demand and supply equation to a great extent. Rare products are valued more compared to the ones in abundant supply. Market cap considers availability, which offers deeper insight into the digital currency’s value while you buy cryptocurrency in India

Suppose two cryptocurrencies are worth $1, one of them has a circulating supply of 1 million, whereas the other has a circulating supply of 1 billion. The first currency will have a market cap of $1 million ($1 x 1,000,000) and the second one will have a market cap of $1 billion ($1 x 1,000,000,000). This example proves that you cannot gain an understanding of the full story by just looking at the price.

Drawbacks Of Market Cap

Market cap is an excellent metric for ranking cryptos. However, it suffers from certain loopholes which are a direct result of the inherent imperfections in circulating supplies as mentioned below:

  • You cannot understand the cumulative crypto investment from its market cap. It just reveals a picture of the circulating supply’s total value at its current market price. 
  • The market cap changes drastically for illiquid cryptocurrencies, even with a small number of trades. This could bring a spike in the price of the crypto, and ultimately its market cap. 
  • As more coins are mined, its supply increases in the market. This enhances its level of supply and the market cap.

Final Words

Market cap shows a clear picture of the level of investment risk involved in a particular crypto. A high or low market cap reveals whether a coin is resistant or vulnerable to price volatility. Coins having smaller market caps are more prone to price fluctuations whenever a big news hits the market. Holders of small cap crypto are at heightened risk of being crushed by big traders whenever they conspire to sell simultaneously, causing the token price to crash. This is not the case with coins having bigger market caps like Bitcoin and Ethereum. Bitcoin live price in India as on 24.11.2020 is 1,386,782 INR and investors can be guaranteed that the price of this premier crypto won’t be manipulated that easily. While sudden alterations in a coin’s circulating supply can cause the market cap to change drastically, it is still considered to be the best metric of ranking coins and holding comparisons of their overall value.

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