In the generic sense, cold storage refers to a place where we can preserve things over a prolonged time span. In the world of cryptocurrency, a cold wallet offers investors a means of preserving their digital assets over a long-term in a secure manner. You can think of cold storage to be the digital means of storing gold in a virtually impenetrable safe with proper security measures. Today, we are going to elucidate this tricky concept of crypto cold storage and the best available options, so that you can buy cryptocurrency in India and store your coins with maximum safety.
Cryptocurrency is stored offline in cold storage. Every crypto wallet has a private and public key be it for Bitcoin or other crypto coins. Public key refers to the address which people use for sending the coins. The private key provides you with access to the coins for withdrawing and spending them at will. Cold storage keeps your cryptos protected from the attack of hackers or other malware by making it inaccessible by the internet. If a thief tries stealing the hardware, then you can prevent him from accessing your funds by setting a PIN code. You can even get your funds back by using a backup code or recovery phrase, even if it falls in the wrong hands.
The cryptos can be transferred to your cold wallet without an internet connection. You can hide the cold wallet in a secure location like a bank deposit box. Now that you have understood the basics of cold storage, let us take a look at the different types of cold storage to buy bitcoin in India and store all your cryptos:
These are documents containing a public crypto address and a private key for receiving and spending Bitcoins or Altcoins. You can print these codes in the form of QR codes on paper and scan the same for executing the transactions. Different paper wallet service providers allow the creation of random crypto addresses, each having its exclusive private keys. Certain paper wallet providers offer tamper-proof designs for strengthening the security meter. The offline nature of the paper wallets makes them completely safeguarded from malware, viruses, and hacks.
In spite of all these advantages, you need to check the paper wallet for any spyware which can break into your computer’s security threshold. After setting up the paper wallet, you need to ensure that the website code can be run in offline mode as this will allow you to generate the keys even after disconnecting from the internet. Once the paper has been printed, you can place it in a sealed plastic folder, laminate it, or store it safely in a bank vault. It is imperative to note here, that paper wallets are not well-suited for transmitting funds partially. For transferring or spending partial funds, the private key of your paper wallet shall have to be imported into a desktop wallet. Doing this empties your paper wallet and prohibits further usage.
You can store your crypto keys in these physical and electronic devices without any internet connection. A random number generator is used by the hardware wallets for generating both private and public keys for the hardware wallets. The biggest advantage of hardware wallets is definitely the robust level of security as it doesn’t rely on an internet connection. This keeps your Altcoin funds and Bitcoin assets safeguarded from viruses and other online threats. You can also keep your funds buffered from malicious hackers by setting a PIN code. If the hardware wallet falls in the wrong hands, you can still retrieve the funds by creating a recovery phrase or backup code in advance.
Hardware wallets are the perfect choice for people who wish to keep their digital assets secure without having to deal with the nitty-gritty of a crypto trading software. Certain cryptocurrency exchanges allow connecting the hardware wallet to a trading platform for adding an extra layer of security to your transactions. It’s best to purchase a cryptocurrency hardware wallet from a competent and trustworthy manufacturer for keeping your funds secure. You can take your pick amongst the four popular hardware wallet options of Ledger Nano X, Ledger Nano S, Cobovault, Trezor, etc. Most of these hardware wallets have huge demand which leads to a waiting period of around two months.
While most hardware cold wallets can be availed for less than $100, you can also opt for the pricier models. Security features of all the models are more or less the same. However, the pricier ones might come with a touchscreen interface and Bluetooth for greater ease of use. Multiple crypto wallets like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Cardano, XRP, and NEO can be hosted in a hardware wallet. It takes just a few seconds to install a new wallet on your hardware device which comes in as a substantial improvement over its software cold storage peers, wherein you need to create a new wallet for every coin.
They are installable software packs that are compatible with common desktop operating systems like Windows, Mac, and Linux. However, desktop or laptops are often connected to the internet and thus you need to adhere to stringent security measures like a strong firewall, anti-malware software, and antivirus. Some popular desktop wallets for storing your cryptocurrencies are Bitcoin Core, Exodus, Jaxx’s Chrome Extension, and Electrum.
One of the easiest means of cold storing crypto coins is by using a USB drive which allows the export of private keys. However, this method is not very secure as your digital assets can be accessed by anyone having access to your USB drives.
Crypto experts and Bitcoin investors heavily promote the usage of cold wallets given their top-notch security attributes. Since they are not connected to the Internet, all chances of virus, hacking, and malware threats also get marginalized.